fb

Report reveals cops should not use automatic weapons during protests

By Kaya FM News

A report has revealed that automatic weapons should not be used for crowd management. The report of the Panel of Experts on Policing and Crowd Management was released by South Africa’s Minister of Police Bheki Cele. The panel was set up in April 2016 under Judge David Ntshangase, in line with the recommendations of the Marikana Commission of Inquiry. The commission was established after police killed 34 striking miners at Marikana in August 2012.

The report has been welcomed by the Institute for Security Studies and, according to ISS’s Gareth Newham, presents a significant opportunity to start a process that reimagines and renews policing in South Africa.

The report noted that most protests in South Africa are peaceful, and peaceful protestors should not be deprived of their right to protest by the violent conduct of others. The potential for violence should be minimised through negotiation and de-escalation measures. Police should avoid indiscriminate use of force, and where force is necessary it should be targeted only against those involved in violence.

15 basic human rights every South African should know about

Newham explained that the police priority at Marikana should have been to ensure no further loss of life in a complex situation where some police and strikers had already died.

But the police operation was led by an officer with no recent training or experience in crowd management, planning was rushed, and commanders knew deaths were likely to follow, the panel’s 595-page report said.

The Marikana police operation primarily relied on tactical units armed with high-velocity R5 rifles capable of automatic fire. There was a lack of discipline and poor police communication, and police undermined their own negotiations, the report said. Few of the police had first aid training, and they did not believe they had a duty to assist people shot by their colleagues.

The aim of the panel was to provide recommendations to help the South Africa Police Service to become more professional, promote public safety and uphold the rights of all people in SA. A key focus of the panel’s report is on public order policing and crowd management. Its report said current guidance to police regarding use of force was inadequate and that protection of life should be a guiding principle.

Newham who heads up the ISS Justice and Violence Prevention programme, said the report is released at an important time following a long decline in policing and public safety.

He said the panel called for a professional, demilitarised and accountable police service led by experienced, competent, honest and credible leadership and for a system of crowd management that respects the Constitutional right to freedom of assembly.

“The SAPS is facing significant organisational challenges that prevent the most effective use of its current R101 billion budget. Most notable is the declining ability to bring to justice the perpetrators of violent crimes like murder, robbery and rape. In addition, SAPS are increasingly confronted by a large and growing number of public order incidents each year,” Newham said.

He added that many hard working and honest police officers are inadequately equipped, supported and rewarded.

“We’ve seen a recent and worrying spike in the killings of police officials, and too few police officials who act unlawfully are held accountable,” Newham said.

The panel included top local and international police officers, police unions, and non-government experts. Its report makes 136 recommendations aimed at improving police professionalisation, accountability and integrity, and enabling SAPS to better manage protests by improving training and equipment and amending laws and regulations.

It calls for greater police competence and accountability in a professional and demilitarised service, and says use of force should comply with human rights principles and focus on protection of life. It noted that police have a duty to care for injured persons. The panel found SAPS culture does not value honesty or support critical reflection when things go wrong.

Image Credit: Pexels

    Don’t miss out on the latest local news, interviews and competitions.

    Copyright Notice

    1. COPYRIGHT

    1.1 The contents of this Website, including but not limited to its compilation and arrangement, is the exclusive property of Kaya FM, alternatively the suppliers of content to Kaya FM, and accordingly remain protected by South African and International Copyright and Trademark laws.

    1.2 Any person accessing this Website, may not, save for downloading one copy for their personal computers and solely for their private and non-commercial use :

    1.2.1 Copy, disseminate, distribute, advertise, publish, adapt, modify or in any way reproduce the contents of this website for commercial purposes, unless this notice and any disclaimer attached thereto is published in its entirety, or unless the permission of Kaya FM is obtained in writing.

    Privacy Policy

    KAYA FM WEBSITE PRIVACY STATEMENT

    THIS PRIVACY STATEMENT FORMS PART OF KAYA FM’S TERMS OF USE POLICY. IF YOU DO NOT AGREE WITH ANY TERM OF THIS PRIVACY STATEMENT, YOU MUST CEASE YOUR ACCESS OF THIS WEBSITE IMMEDIATELY. 

    1. Definitions and Interpretation

    1.1.“Personal Information” means information relating to an identifiable, living, natural person and where it is applicable, identifiable, existing juristic person, including all information as defined in the Protection of Personal Information Act 4 of 2013. 
     
    1.2. “Processing” means the creation, generation, communication, storage, destruction of personal information as more fully defined in the Protection of Personal Information Act 4 of 2013.  
     
    1.3. “You” or the “user” means any person who accesses and browses this website for any purpose. 
     
    1.4. “Website” means the website of the KAYA FM at URL www.kayafm.co.za or such other URL as KAYA FM may choose from time to time. 
      

    1. Status and Amendments

    2.1. KAYA FM respects your privacy. This privacy policy statement sets out KAYA FM’s information gathering and dissemination practices in respect of the Website. 
     
    2.2. This Privacy Policy governs the processing of personal information provided to KAYA FM through your use of the Website. 
     
    2.3. Please note that, due to legal and other developments, KAYA FM may amend these terms and conditions from time to time.  

    1. Processing of Personal Information

    3.1. By providing your personal information to KAYA FM you acknowledge that it has been collected directly from you and consent to its processing by KAYA FM. 

    3.2. Where you submit Personal Information (such as name, address, telephone number and email address) via the website (e.g. through completing any online form) the following principles are observed in the processing of that information: 

    3.2.1. KAYA FM will only collect personal information for a purpose consistent with the purpose for which it is required. The specific purpose for which information is 
    collected will be apparent from the context in which it is requested. 
     
    3.2.2. KAYA FM will only process personal information in a manner that is adequate, relevant and not excessive in the context of the purpose for which it is processed. 
     
    3.2.3. Personal information will only be processed for a purpose compatible with that for which it was collected, unless you have agreed to an alternative purpose in writing or KAYA FM is permitted in terms of national legislation of general application dealing primarily with the protection of personal information. 
     
    3.2.4. KAYA FM will keep records of all personal Information collected and the specific purpose for which it was collected for a period of 1 (one) year from the date on which it was last used. 
     
    3.2.5. KAYA FM will not disclose any personal information relating to you to any third party unless your prior written agreement is obtained or KAYA FM is required to do so by law. 
     
    3.2.6. If personal information is released with your consent KAYA FM will retain a record of the information released, the third party to which it was released, the reason for the release and the date of release, for a period of 1 (one) year from the date on which it was last used. 
     
    3.2.7. KAYA FM will destroy or delete any personal information that is no longer needed by KAYA FM for the purpose it was initially collected, or subsequently processed. 

    3.3. Note that, as permitted by the Electronic Communications and Transactions Act 25 of 2002, KAYA FM may use personal information collected to compile profiles for statistical purposes. No information contained in the profiles or statistics will be able to be linked to any specific user. 
       

    1. Collection of anonymous data

    4.1. KAYA FM may use standard technology to collect information about the use of this website. This technology is not able to identify individual users but simply allows KAYA FM to collect statistics. 
     
    4.2. KAYA FM may utilise temporary or session cookies to keep track of users’ browsing habits. A cookie is a small file that is placed on your hard drive in order to keep a record of your interaction with this website and facilitate user convenience. 

    4.2.1. Cookies by themselves will not be used to identify users personally but may be used to compile identified statistics relating to use of services offered or to provide KAYA FM with feedback on the performance of this website. 

    4.2.2. The following classes of information may be collected in respect of users who have enabled cookies: 

    4.2.2.1. The browser software used; 
     
    4.2.2.2. IP address; 
     
    4.2.2.3. Date and time of activities while visiting the website; 
     
    4.2.2.4. URLs of internal pages visited; and 
     
    4.2.2.5. referrers. 

    4.3. If you do not wish cookies to be employed to customize your interaction with this website it is possible to alter the manner in which your browser handles cookies. Please note that, if this is done, certain services on this website may not be available. 

    1. Security

    5.1. KAYA FM takes reasonable measures to ensure the security and integrity of information submitted to or collected by this website, but cannot under any circumstances be held liable for any loss or other damage sustained by you as a result of unlawful access to or dissemination of any personal information by a third party. 

    1. Links to other websites

    6.1. KAYA FM has no control over and accepts no responsibility for the privacy practices of any third party websites to which hyperlinks may have been provided and KAYA FM strongly recommends that you review the privacy policy of any website you visit before using it further. 

    1. Queries

    7.1. If you have any queries about this privacy policy please contact us by emailing webmaster@kayafm.co.za  

    Competition Terms and Conditions

    Kaya FM 95.9: Competition Rules

    • The competitions are open to all persons over the age of 18 years; except directors, partners, employees, agents, service providers, and consultants of Kaya FM, the sponsor and all its subsidiaries and its holding company, if any, as well as all spouses, life partners, parents, children, siblings, business partners and associates of such persons.

    • The outcome of the competition is subject to the decision of the judge/presenter, whose decision is final and no negotiation will be entered into thereafter. Neither Kaya FM, sponsors nor their agents will be held responsible or answerable to any dispute arising from the competition or prize awards.

    • Participants/listeners enter or take part in competitions at their own risk and Kaya FM bears no responsibility for any loss, damage or harm suffered as a result of participation in any of Kaya FM competition.

    • One listener is entitled to winning one prize in a period of 3 months. Kaya FM reserves the right not to award a prize if the listener has won a prize prior during the 3month window period. This also applies to listeners who provide family or friend’s contact details.

    • Kaya FM reserves the right to redistribute all unclaimed prizes if not claimed after 3 months after being given away On Air or on the website.

    • Prizes are not transferable and may not be exchanged for cash.

    • Finalists will forfeit their participation in the competition if they fail to attend the draws.

    • The competition will run during the period advertised on Kaya FM; entries received outside of the competition period will not be considered for the competition draw.

    • Kaya FM and their sponsors reserve the right to cancel, modify or amend the competition at any time if deemed necessary in their opinion, or if circumstances arise outside of their control.

    • By entering the competition, entrants agree to accept these rules and to be bound by them.